美國總統唐納德·特朗普週一發佈了 4.8 萬億美元的 2021 財年預算提案。預算文件顯示，包括美國司法部和財政部內的聯邦機構正在尋求數百萬美元的額外資金，以支持其對加密貨幣的監督和執法工作。根據文件，美國國稅局下的機構希望獲得 4054 萬美元，以支持其僱用 108 名特工進行與網絡和虛擬貨幣有關的更多刑事調查。美國外國資產控制辦公室正在招募四名全職員工，及額外的 81.2 萬美元以招聘“虛擬貨幣調查員”。金融犯罪執法網絡（FinCEN）正尋求獲得 81.9 萬美元和三名全職員工，以支持“構建 FinCEN 的虛擬貨幣和網絡威脅緩解計劃”。
Federal agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice and the Treasury Department are seeking millions of dollars in additional funding for FY 2021 to support their cryptocurrency oversight and enforcement efforts, a review of public budget documents shows.
The Trump administration unveiled its $4.8 trillion budget plan on Monday. As CoinDesk reported at the time, the budget summary notably focused on a plan to move the U.S. Secret Service from the Department of Homeland Security to the Treasury Department, its original home.
“Technological advancements in recent decades, such as cryptocurrencies and the increasing interconnectedness of the international financial marketplace, have resulted in more complex criminal organizations and revealed stronger links between financial and electronic crimes and the financing of terrorists and rogue state actors,” the summary documentstates.
以太坊域名服務 ENS 完成註冊表遷移併發布更新手冊
近日，以太坊域名服務系統 ENS 完成了註冊表遷移併發布更新手冊。本次註冊表遷移了所有的 .eth 二級域名（比如 ceshi.eth），用戶不需要立即進行額外操作。
Today, we are excited to announce our successful migration to a new node-set, with operators who are both foundational to the blockchain ecosystem and have the mission to see it grow. Operators in the network includeBinance, ENS, Etherscan, Matic Network, Ontology, Skale, Tendermint Core, and Zilliqa. We’re delighted to have them on board and contributing to the security of the network.
At Torus, we strongly believe that blockchains have the power to democratise many aspects of the society that we live in, levelling the playing field for all — be it accessing financial services, controlling your own data, or breaking out of societal circumstances. And it is Torus’ mission to see that realised by ensuring that every inpidual has access to the blockchain.
For the uninitiated, the Torus Network uses an MPC style key management system that does the hard work of generating a user’s key with respective shares and securely distributing them to independent node operators. It also maps these keys to “verifier” accounts (e.g. Google, Reddit), allowing users to authenticate with these accounts. After a predefined period, it will migrate these keys across nodes, allowing for a dynamic node-set.
數據顯示：ETH 期貨交易量創去年 6 月以來新高
Skew Markets 的數據顯示，隨着 ETH 價格升至七個月高點，過去三週內，ETH 期貨的日交易量從 7.5 億美元急劇上升至 45 億美元以上，爲 2019 年 6 月 27 日以來首次超過 45 億美元。
Volumes have risen sharply over the past three weeks from $750 million to above $4.5 billion, according to data from Skew Markets. During that time, ether’s (ETH) price rallied by nearly 70 percent, from $160 to $280.
The surge in trading volumes and prices shows renewed interest in ether and alternative cryptocurrencies in general, as a large amount of altcoins are built on ethereum.
“It seems the market has been gradually warming up and willing to revisit altcoins this year after a long sequence focusing on bitcoin and upcoming halving,” Emmanuel Goh, co-founder and CEO of Skew Markets, told CoinDesk.
While bitcoin, the top cryptocurrency by market capitalization, gained over 90 percent in 2019, ether fell 1 percent.
The tide has now turned in favor of ether this year, according to Goh. The second-most valuable cryptocurrency has doubled in price since Jan. 1, while bitcoin (BTC) is lagging, with 41 percent gains.
卡巴斯基區塊鏈安全團隊負責人 Pavel Pokrovsky 表示，對於希望通過分佈式分類帳技術簡化結構的石油公司來說，區塊鏈是一種有吸引力的選擇。區塊鏈和分佈式賬本技術對包括石油和天然氣在內的工業技術的許多方面都將產生巨大影響。根據一些研究，石油和天然氣行業超過 40％的高管正在考慮將區塊鏈技術。區塊鏈智能合約對石油和天然氣特別有用。這使行業可以管理合同風險，並最大程度地降低成本並提高供應鏈的透明度。
Oil is central to the growth of the global economy and maintenance of political stability. But for an industry that plays such an important role in both shaping and maintaining the world around us, its business model is quickly becoming outdated. As the industry struggles to adapt to the demands of a rapidly changing and politically charged world, some of the largest oil companies are looking to modernize through blockchain.
Moreover, governments around the world are struggling to come to terms with the consequences of climate change, and the extraction of fossil fuels does nothing to help reduce emissions. As society grows more conscious of the effects of global warming, companies that generate nonrenewable energy such as oil have come under increased pressure to clean up their act.
While the modern industrial world may have an insatiable appetite for oil, its production and distribution is not without its risks. Oil companies are among the most profitable in the world and attract powerful political and ideological enemies. What’s more, they are often situated in areas that experience prolonged political instability. With an ever-growing number of cyberattacks riddling the economy, oil companies are looking to bolster their defences.
An otherwise dull testimony from Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell got very interesting for bitcoin, as BTC/USD spiked 4% to $10,200.
Cryptocurrency markets soared after Congressman Bill Foster raised concerns about the need to keep pace with China’s digital currency ambitions to which Powell responded that the Fed has a “lot of projects” underway.
It is well documented that China has tremendous ambitions in the realm of digital currency. Congressman Foster’s concerns about Beijing’s ambitions centers on the risks posed to the U.S. dollar’s status as global reserve currency.
Bitcoin went vertical midday after the Jerome Powell indicated the Fed was making a serious effort to keep up with China’s digital currency development. Source- Yahoo Finance
Bitcoin investors took this as a positive development, as BTC/USD soared on Powell’s acknowledgment that the Fed would “keep the fire lit” regarding blockchain development.
Despite the impressive response from cryptocurrency markets, the Fed chair was still guarded about the implementation of a digital dollar due to privacy concerns:
The idea of having a ledger where you record everyone’s payments isn’t particularly attractive in the U.S.; it’s not a problem in China.
國際電子前哨基金會正爲 Kraken 前僱員進行辯護
國際知名法律援助公益組織電子前哨基金會（EFF）正在爲一名前 Kraken 僱員進行辯護。這名僱員因在美國職場社區 Glassdoor 上對 Kraken 進行匿名評價而捲入一場官司。該組織並要求加州馬林縣高等法院撤銷 Kraken 提出的一項動議，即獲取在 Glassdoor 上發佈該交易所差評的人的身份。
The EFF – a non-profit digital rights group – has taken up the cause of a John Doe defendant and is asking California's Marin County Superior Court to quash a motion by Kraken to identify the inpidual who allegedly gave the exchange a poor review on the employer rating site.
According to the EFF's court filing, the client left a review, praising aspects of life at the firm, but also saying they felt "a deep sense of trepidation much of the time." Kraken had originally replied and thanked the reviewer, the EFF says, but later changed tack and "began targeting Doe and other former employees."
The anonymous EFF client's review as quoted in the motion to quash (page 9)
According to the filing, the anonymous reviewer also checked boxes saying they would not recommend Payward, had a "neutral outlook" on the company and "disapprove[d] of [the] CEO."
The client had taken care not to disclose confidential information or defame the firm in the review, the EFF said.
In May 2019, Kraken filed a lawsuit against 10 anonymous reviewers, including the EFF client, alleging breach of severance contracts over the reviews and seeking to obtain identifying information. Kraken further emailed ex-employees "demanding that they delete any reviews that were in violation of the severance agreement," said the EFF.
According to EFF staff attorney Aaron Mackey, the lawsuit is intended to "harass and silence" both current and former employees at Kraken who wish to talk publicly about their experiences at the firm.
“Kraken’s efforts to unmask and sue its former employees discourages everyone from talking about their work and demonstrates why California courts must robustly protect anonymous speakers’ First Amendment rights," Mackey said.
據 Bitcoinist 消息，國際證監會組織（IOSCO）本週警告監管機構，需研究加密貨幣交易所如何評估其投資者。該機構認爲，這將減少洗錢活動。
The international watchdog IOSCO has cautioned regulators this week to look into how cryptocurrency exchanges assess their investors. This, the entity maintains, will cut down on money laundering activity.
Beyond obvious stricter KYC policies, the watchdog has even suggested that regulators should consider restricting crypto-asset trading platforms (CTPs) to working with regulated intermediaries trading on behalf of their clients. It also wants regulators to assess whether CTP clients are being given “sufficient risk disclosures.”
Not only would this serve to protect investors, IOSCO argues, but it could cut down on illegal activity. When you consider the plethora of dubious exchanges like the now-defunct Cryptopia and their woefully insufficient AML policies, the suggestions from IOSCO may seem to come from a good place.
However, adding yet another intermediary into the cryptocurrency space in the form of a regulated broker is not going to win any popularity contests. It should be noted, however, that IOSCO has not issued any binding policy, stating:
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