软件开发商、慈善家和微软联合创始人比尔·盖茨将离开微软公司董事会。比尔·盖茨最近还支持了为在非洲和亚洲运营的金融科技公司提供区块链安全服务的公司 Crest，本月初为其开出了一张 140 万美元的支票，以帮助这些地区的金融技术公司为没有银行服务的人群提供金融服务。微软解释称，盖茨离开董事会是为了为慈善事业和应对气候变化的努力腾出更多时间。
The U.S. Federal Reserve injected $168 billion into finance several days ago, which correlates to Bitcoin’s current falling price.
“So long as the broader markets keep falling – expect the same out of Bitcoin,” Bill Herrmann, CEO of alternative investment firm Wilshire Phoenix told Cointelegraph as part of an explanation of the Fed’s recent actions.
Traditional markets have plummeted recently surrounding coronavirus fears and oil trade wars. After several previous red days, the Dow Industrial Average (DJI) fell 10% on March 12, concluding the most disastrous day U.S. markets have seen since the Black Monday crash of 1987, a CNBC report detailed.
Bitcoin faced a similar fate, falling from $6,000 to $3,850 on the same day.
In an effort to combat falling markets, the American Fed pumped $168 billion of cash into the financial system on March 10. That amount totals about 82% more than all the money currently invested in Bitcoin, which holds a press time market cap of approximately $92 billion.
加密钱包服务和区块链数据供应商 Blockchain.com 突发系统故障，其比特币内存池跟踪器骤降至零。在未经确认的比特币交易大幅增加之后，Blockchain.com 上的内存池图表从 32MB 急剧下降至零。其他跟踪器（如 Satoshi.info）指出，在 Blockchain.com 图表崩溃期间，其内存池的大小约为 35 MB。截至目前，图表已恢复到 30 MB 左右。Satoshi.info 指出，这显然是 Blockchain.com 独有的一个系统漏洞。
Major crypto wallet service and blockchain data supplier Blockchain.com has apparently experienced a system glitch, as its Bitcoin (BTC) mempool tracker dropped to zero earlier today.
After indicating a significant surge of unconfirmed Bitcoin transactions on March 13, the mempool chart on Blockchain.com saw a steep drop from 32 megabytes (MB) to zero. As of press time, the chart has recovered to around 30 MB.
Seven-day chart of Bitcoin mempool size in bytes. Source: Blockchain.com
The crash of Bitcoin mempool was apparently a system bug exclusive to Blockchain.com, as other trackers like Satoshi.info were indicating that the size of the mempool accounted for about 35 MB during the crash of Blockchain.com’s chart.
尽管很难量化整个中东非正式市场对比特币的需求，但从黎巴嫩到也门的小规模贸易商表示，对比特币作为一种避险资产而非投机性资产的兴趣比以往任何时候都强。东耶路撒冷巴勒斯坦地区的比特币矿工和交易员 Rami Mohammad Ali 称，持有比特币之所以吸引人，是因为人们可以在需要时随时获得金钱。此外，中东比特币交易商报告称，随着全球价格下跌，新手正在迅速学习并希望在本周购买。比特币分析公司 Gate Trade 估计，目前有 30 多家伊朗公司使用比特币而非法币进行跨境交易。
Although it’s difficult to quantify demand for bitcoin (BTC) in informal markets across the Middle East, small-scale traders from Lebanon to Yemen say interest in bitcoin as a safe-haven asset, not a speculative asset, is stronger than ever.
Rami Mohammad Ali, a bitcoin miner and trader based in the Palestinian area of East Jerusalem, said the sell side of the local peer-to-peer market dried up and the buy side exploded in March.
So far, he’s sold a cumulative total of 30 bitcoin to 90 customers. That’s a significant increase from September 2019, when he said he sold roughly 20 bitcoin a month to 50 customers.
The appeal of holding value in bitcoin, he said, is that people can access “the money any time they need it.”
This appears to be true across the region. One anonymous Syrian trader with family in Lebanon said small Lebanese business owners are struggling to pay their invoices abroad. So, among the few Lebanese with family abroad and the necessary computer skills, some now “buy [bitcoin] locally with cash and liquidate it abroad through friends and family to pay their invoices.”
In fact, some Middle Eastern bitcoin traders reported relative newbies are learning quickly and looking to buy bitcoin this week, as global prices dip.
Bitfinex 和 Tether CTO Paolo Ardoino 表示，虽然闪电网络是一个设计良好的第二层，他觉得比特币仍然是一个很好的基础层。Ardoino 称，他相信比特币会成为许多金融应用程序的基础引擎。但是，即使在解决了可扩展性问题的情况下，如果比特币想要成为金融应用程序的基础引擎，其波动性仍然是一个挑战。
If Bitcoin is to take on fiat currencies and become the most used currency of the future, substantial upgrades addressing its scalability problem need to be implemented. As of now, the ecosystem seems to have agreed on Bitcoin’s utility as a long-term investment vehicle, but for many investors, even that narrative is not fully convincing due to the increasing volatility exhibited by the king coin.
The implementation of Lightning Network in 2018 was seen as a step in the right direction, one that would drastically improve Bitcoin’s scalability. This solution claims to enable higher transaction speeds within the network, enabling it to perform substantially faster and with greater efficiency.
On a recent episode of the POV Crypto podcast, Paolo Ardoino, CTO of Bitfinex and Tether, spoke about the importance and the future of the Lightning Network. The Lightning Network, according to Ardoino, is how a second layer ought to be designed.
美国公民因使用加密货币为 ISIS 洗钱被判入狱 13 年
美国联邦法院判处美国公民 Zoobia Shahnaz 13 年监禁，罪名是使用比特币和其他加密货币为 ISIS 洗钱。据悉，Shahnaz 向 ISIS 资助了超过 15 万美元的加密货币。根据 2017 年 12 月的原始起诉书，为筹集资金，Shahnaz 欺骗了包括 American Express、Chase 和 Discover 在内的主要银行。
A United States federal court has sentenced a U.S. citizen to 13 years in jail for laundering money for ISIS using Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies.
Per a Department of Justice announcement on March 13, Zoobia Shahnaz of Long Island received a 13-year sentence for working to fund the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham through cryptocurrency payments amounting to over $150,000. She also worked to move to Syria to become a member of ISIS.
To raise the funds, Shahnaz allegedly defrauded major banks including American Express, Chase and Discover, according to the original indictment from December 2017.
The United States alleged that Shahnaz secured loans and credit cards under false pretenses, which she used to buy cryptocurrencies that she funneled through Pakistan, China and Turkey and eventually to ISIS.
As Cointelegraph reported, Shahnaz was on her way to Syria in July of 2017 when officials prevented her from boarding a flight at JFK Airport in New York City. She was subsequently arrested later in the year.
Motives: Medical aid for Syrian refugees
Shahnaz pleaded guilty to the charges back in November 2018. In requesting a below-guidelines sentence in a sentencing memorandum earlier in March, Shahnaz’s legal counsel leaned on her age — she was born in 1990 — as well as her work volunteering with Syrian refugees via the Syrian American Medical Society.
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